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 Cooking Terms Explained

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

P P P

Pancake
These are thin flat cakes made of batter and fried in an omelette pan.

The basic pancake is spread with a sweet or savoury coating, maple syrup, honey or lemon juice is often used. Often the pancake is then rolled as shown in the picture and coated again.


Pancetta An Italian meat made from un-smoked bacon which is cured with various spices. The spiced bacon is rolled then thinly sliced.

Paprika
This is Hungarian red pepper. It is a type of sweet capsicum (pepper) of a brilliant red colour which is grown in Southern Europe. It has a piquant flavour which is commonly used in goulashes, and various sauces. It is often sprinkled over cheese and sea fish. The name Paprika comes from the Hungarian word for 'sweet pepper'. Click here for our excellent and authentic Hungarian Paprika Chicken recipe.

Parsley This is a native plant of Sardinia and was introduced into the UK in about 1548. Parsley is a herb which is green and has flat or crinkled leaves. The flavour is similar to mild celery. There are two main varieties, curly leaf parsley and flat leaf parsley (also known as Italian parsley). Flat lead parsley has most flavour and is the best type for adding flavour to dishes. Curly leaf parsley is dark green and is excellent for adding colour and texture as a garnish.

Rich in vitamin C and trace elements, parsley is often used in herbal medicines. It is known sometimes as the "herb of health".


Peas

Frozen peas served with an omlette
Peas are small, round green vegetable seeds which are enclosed in a pod. The pods are edible but normally only the peas themselves are eaten. In some varieties however, such as mange tout, the pods and peas are eaten together.

The sweetest and tenderest peas are called petit pois and harvested earlier than standard peas. Peas are sold as fresh peas in their pods, frozen peas which have been removed from the pod and dried peas. Dried peas were popular before freezing became available. Dried peas are the principal ingredient in 'mushy peas', popular in the UK.

Fresh or frozen peas are normally boiled in cooking but they are sometimes microwaved, steamed or braised. They accompany other food as a very popular hot vegetable. Additionally they are used in soups, salads and casseroles.

Peas as we know them today were bred in Italy in the 17th Century. Christopher Columbus is reputed to have planted the first peas in America.


Pepper Pepper is a common spice which is used to flavour food. It is normally available in three colours, black, white and green. Click here for our in depth article on pepper.

Pesto A green coloured sauce made from olive oil, Parmesan cheese, garlic, and basil. It is often used to flavour sauces for pasta and can contain other herbs and even nuts.

 

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